Saturday, June 20, 2015

Brazil Bank Notes

The official Brazilian currency since 1994 is the Brazilian real (plural reais, sign R$, code BRL).
Through its history, Brazil had a number of other currencies:

Colonial times
Currency


From Colonial times to 1942
The first official currency of Brazil was the real. As the currency of the Portuguese empire, it was in use in Brazil from the earliest days of the colonial period, and remained in use until 1942, when it was replaced by the cruzeiro. The name real was resurrected in 1994 for the new currency unit (but with the new plural form reais). The name comes from the Portuguese word real (in the sense of "royal") and was borrowed from a Portuguese currency previously used in Brazil.
Currency name
Brazilian real (Old)
Plural
réis
Symbol
Rs
Subunit
1/1000 real
Users
Founded
Rio de JaneiroBrazil (October 12, 1808; 208 years ago)
Headquarters


From 1942 to 1967
The first cruzeiro was issued from 1942 to 1967, replacing the real at a rate of 1000 réis = 1 cruzeiro and was replaced in 1967 by the cruzeiro novo at a rate of 1000 cruzeiros = 1 cruzeiro novo. In practice, the name cruzeiro had been used for the 1000 réis unit since at least 1926, when Brazilian economist Carlos Inglês de Sousa (1882–1948) first suggested it to the government.
Currency name
cruzeiro (first)
Plural
cruzeiros
Symbol
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil


From 1967 to 1986
In 1967, Brazil introduced the cruzeiro novo (the word "novo", "new" in Portuguese, only appearing on the provisional issue of banknotes), with 1 cruzeiro novo equal to 1000 "old" cruzeiros. It had the ISO 4217 code BRB. In 1986, the country switched to the cruzado, worth 1000 cruzeiros (novos).
Currency name
Second Cruzeiro (Cruzeiro Novo)
Plural
cruzeiros
Symbol
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil


From 1986 to 1989
The cruzado was the currency of Brazil from 1986 to 1989. It replaced the second cruzeiro (at first called the "cruzeiro novo") in 1986, at a rate of 1 cruzado = 1000 cruzeiros (novos) and was replaced in 1989 by the cruzado novo at a rate of 1000 cruzados = 1 cruzado novo.
Currency name
cruzado 
Plural
cruzados
Symbol
Cz$
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil


From 15 January 1989 to 15 March 1990
The Cruzado Novo was the short-lived currency of Brazil between 15 January 1989 and 15 March 1990. It replaced the cruzado in the rate of 1000 cruzados = 1 cruzado novo. It had the symbol NCz$ and the ISO 4217 code BRN. In 1990, the cruzado novo was renamed the (third) cruzeiro
Currency name
Cruzado Novo 
Plural
cruzados novos
Symbol
NCz$
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil


From 15 January 1990 to 15 March 1993
The cruzeiro was the currency of Brazil from 1942 to 1986 (two distinct currencies) and again between 1990 and 1993. In 1994 it was replaced with the real
Currency name
Cruzeiro (Third)
Plural
cruzeiros
Symbol
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil


From August 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
The cruzeiro real (plural: cruzeiros reais) was the short-lived currency of Brazil between August 1, 1993 and June 30, 1994. This unit was used only for accounting purposes. The currency had the ISO 4217 code BRR. The cruzeiro real was replaced with the current Brazilian real as part of the Plano Real.
Currency name
Cruzeiro real
Plural
Cruzeiros reais
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil



From 1994 to present
The real is the present-day currency of Brazil. It was introduced in 1994, when it replaced the old currency, the cruzeiro real, as part of the Plano Real, a substantial monetary reform package that aimed to put an end to three decades of rampant inflation. Its sign is R$ and its ISO code is BRL. It is divided into 100 centavos ("Cents").
Currency name
real 
Plural
Reais
Symbol
R$
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Users
Brazil
Central bank
Central Bank of Brazil
Established
December 31, 1964
Headquarters
BrasíliaBrazil




Central Bank of Brazil

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Cruzeiros
Item code: 133/BR-2
Year
1954-1958
Obverse
Portrait of Luis Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias (Duque de Caxias)
Reverse
Military school of Rezende (Resende), now Academia Militar de Agulhas Negras - AMAN (Military Academy of Black Needles) (English: Agulhas Negras Military Academy)
Printer
American Bank Note Company.
Size
157x67 mm
More Info...



5 Cruzeiros
Item Code:  132/BR-1
Year
1964
Obverse
Historian and diplomat José Maria da Silva Paranhos (1845-1912) - Barão do Rio Branco
Reverse
"A Conquista do Amazonas" (Conquest of Amazon), painting of Antônio Parreiras; nude woman depicted;
Printer
Thomas De La Rue & Company, Limited, London.
Size
157x67 mm
More Info...



100 Cruzados
Item Code:   134/BR-3
Year
1987
Obverse
President Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira; electric power station and roads; Justice by Alfredo Ceschiatti.
Reverse
Palace of Dawn. The official residence of the President of Brazil.
Size
154 x 74 mm
Watermark
Juscelino Kubitschek
More Info...



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