Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Currency - Mongolia - 10 Tögrög - Year 2011

(Item Code : 450)

Portrait of Damdiny Sühbaatar (Sukhe Bator; Sukhe-Bataar). Soyombo - the national symbol of Mongolia. Paiza (Gerege), as a see-through feature, a tablet of authority for the Mongol officials and envoys. This enabled the Mongol nobles and officials to demand goods and services from civilian populations. 
Mountain scenery with horses
Portrait of Genghis Khan

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Mongolian Legendary Person
Sukhbaatar, The hero (1893-1923)

The central square of Ulaanbaatar, capital city of Mongolia, is named after D.Sukhbaatar.

It won't take long before you wonder who Damdin Sukhbaatar is - a statue of the man astride a horse dominates the square named after him in Ulaanbaatar, his face is on many currency notes, and there is a provincial capital and aimag called Sukhbaatar.

D. Sukhbaatar is one of the first seven revolutionists | who set up an underground group and visited the Soviet Union to establish ties and request help for their revolutionary cause to free the Mongolian people from foreign exploiters and present them with their freedom. 

The first general of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Army, D. Sukhbaatar, was born in the Amgalan village of Ikh Khuree - the capital of that time (1893). Since 1911, having served in the army of Bogd Khaan for seven years, he had become a combatant commander. 

At about 20 years of age, D. Sukhbaatar experienced the country's independence, having taken part in 168 small and large battles, which he personally led to 120 victories. In a song of respect, and being proud of its outstanding son, the Mongolian people have named the central square after him and erected a monument to him.

Watermark  description
Genghis Khan

Born around 1165 and first known as Temujin, Genghis was the son of the chief of the Yakka Mongols. When he was 10, his father was poisoned and he became chief. However, the tribe deserted him, and he was forced to live alone, and survived by digging roots for food and keeping sheep.
Three years later, he was able to form alliances and organise an army. He became famous for his strict discipline and training, and for the superiority of his army.
In 1179, Temujin was married to a young woman named Bortei, but had to abandon her when their camp was invaded. Two months later he rescued her.
Genghis’ armies took over neighbouring tribes, and he was soon ruler of Mongolia. He then set out to conquer China. China was made up of three main empires, Xi Xia, the Qin, and Na-Chung. Xi Xia had only 100 warriors and was easily defeated. However, to defeat the Qin Empire it was necessary to break through the Great Wall of China, and to defeat the Qin’s mercenaries, Muhammad and his armies of Khwarazmains.
Genghis’ next battle was against Beijing, capital of the Qin Empire. He demolished much of the city and beheaded its ruler, Guchluk.
Genghis then moved his armies north, defeating the Russian army. When he returned to China he began his greatest challenge, conquering the Empire of Na-Chung. It took three years, and over 60,000 casualties, but he was eventually victorious.
In 1226, Genghis was riding to prevent an uprising of the defeated Chinese tribes. He was successful but on his way home, he fell off his horse and was fatally injured. He died in August 1227.
Genghis Khan’s Empire was the largest ever established, extending from the Caspian Sea to the Sea of Japan, with over 700 tribes and cities under his rule.

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