Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Currency - Bangladesh - 10 Taka- Year 2012


·   Portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), the Father of the Nation;
·   Jatiyo Sriti Soudho or National Martyrs' Memorial in Savar, designed by Syed Mainul Hossain.
National Mosque - Baitul Mukarram in Dhaka.
Portrait of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman; Bank of Bangladesh logo; Electrotype '10'. 
Atiur Rahman (Governor)

Obverse description: 
Jatiyo Smriti Soudho  

Jatiyo Smriti Soudho (Bengali: জাতীয় স্মৃতি সৌধ Jatio Sriti Shoudho) or National Martyrs' Memorial is the national monument of Bangladesh is the symbol in the memory of the valour and the sacrifice of all those who gave their lives in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which brought independence and separated Bangladesh from Pakistan. The monument is located in Savar, about 35 km north-west of the capital, Dhaka. It was designed by Syed Mainul Hossain.
Plans for the monument were initiated in 1976. Following the site selection, road and land development, a nationwide design competition was held in June, 1978. Following evaluation of the 57 submissions, Syed Mainul Hossain's design was chosen. The main structure and the artificial lake and other facilities were completed in 1982. It was inaugurated at 16 December 1982.

जातियो स्मृतीशोऊधो या जातियो सृतीशोऊधो(बांग्ला: জাতিয স্মৃতীসৌধ) या राष्ट्रीय स्मृती स्मारक(या स्धारणतः राष्ट्रीय स्मारक) ढाका के सवर उपज़िले(या शाभार उपज़िल) में स्थित बांग्लादेश का राष्ट्रीय स्मारक है। बांग्लादेश के स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के शहीदों की याद में निर्मित किये गए इस स्मृतीका को १९७१ के बांग्लदेश लिबरेशन वाॅर(बांग्लादेश स्वतंत्रता युद्ध) के शहीदों के समर्पण एवं वीरता के प्रतीक के रूप में देखा जाता है। राजकीय यात्रा पर बांगलादेश पधारने वाले विदेशी राष्ट्राध्यक्ष एवं राजनेता, परंपरानुसार इसी स्मारक पर अपनी श्रद्धांजली अर्पित करते हैं। १५० फ़ीट ऊंचे इस स्मारक की रूपाकृती एवं मानचित्र को सईयद मोईनुल हुसैन ने तईयार किया था। यह राजधानी ढाका से पश्चिमोत्तर दिशा में क़रीब ३५ कलोमीटर की दूरी पर स्थित है।

Reverse description
National Mosque - Baitul Mukarram

Baitul Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh. Located at the center of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, the mosque was completed in 1968. The mosque has a capacity of 30,000, giving it the respectable position of being the 10th biggest mosque in the world. However the mosque is constantly getting overcrowded. This especially occurs during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which has resulted in the Bangladeshi government having to add extensions to the mosque, thus increasing the capacity to at least 40,000.
The mosque has several modern architectural features whilst at the same time it preserves the traditional principles of Mughal architecture which has for some time been dominant in the Indian sub-continent. Baitul Mukarram's large cube shape was modeled to that of the Ka'abah at Mecca making it a noticeable structure being unlike any other mosque in Bangladesh.


The mosque complex was designed by architect, Abdulhusein M. Thariani in 1959, owner of then Bawany Jute Mills, Haji Abdul Latif Bawany proposed to Major General Omrao Khan, then military administrator of East Pakistan, of building a grande mosque in Dhaka. Omrao Khan agreed to help on building such mosque. Same year, 'Baitul Mukarram mosque committee' had been established and 8.30 acre of land between new Dhaka and old Dhaka had been chosen. At that time, there was a large pond in present mosque's location. It was known as Paltan pond. The pond was filled up and on 27 January 1960 then president of Pakistan Ayub Khan commenced the work. Pray for first time took place on Friday, 25 January 1963.
The plan included shops, offices, libraries and parking areas within the complex. Though there has been a tradition of dome mosque for Muslim, this building did not maintain the rule of traditional mosque in that time. A Mosque without a dome over the roof of its main prayer hall must have been a unique experiment. The mosque was built when the country was the Part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

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