Friday, December 2, 2016

Currency - Nepal - 50 Rupees- Year 2012

Item code: 78

Mount Everest at left, Ram Janaki Temple in Janakpur at center.
Himalaya mountain goat at center, Nepal Rastra Bank seal at upper center.
Nepal's National flower Rhododendron
Dr. Yuba Raj Khatiwada

Obverse description:                      

Ram Janaki Temple

Janaki Mandir is a Hindu temple of Janakpur in Mithila region of Nepal, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Sita. It is the primary temple of Maithali native indigenous to Nepal. It is an example of 'Hindu-Rajput' Nepali architecture. It is often considered the most important model of Rajput architecture in Nepal. Fully built in bright white and constructed in an area of 4,860 sq. feet in a mixed style of Islamic and Rajput domes, the temple is 50 meters high. It is a three-storied structure made entirely of stone and marble. All its 60 rooms are decorated with the flag of Nepal, colored glass, engravings and paintings, with beautiful lattice windows and turrets. According to legends and epics, King Janak ruled this area (called Videha) during the Ramayana period. His daughter Janaki (Sita), during her swyambar, had chosen Lord Rama as her husband, and become queen of Ayodhya. Their marriage ceremony had occurred in the nearby Temple. 

The temple is popularly known as the Nau Lakha Mandir (meaning Nine Lakhs). The cost for the construction of the temple was about the same amount of money: Rupees Nine Lakhs or Nine Hundred Thousands and hence the name. Queen Vrisha Bhanu – of Tikamgarh, India built the temple in 1910 AD. In 1657, a golden statue of the Goddess Sita was found at the very spot, and Sita is said to have lived there. The legend said it that it was built on the holy site where Sannyasi Shurkishordas had found the images of Goddess Sita. In fact, Shurkishordas was the founder of modern Janakpur and the great saint and poet who preached about the Sita Upasana (also called Sita Upanishad) philosophy. Legend has claimed it that King Janak(Seeradhwaj) performed the worship of Shiva-Dhanus on this site. 

As of 26 April 2015 the temple is reported to have partly collapsed from the earthquake in April 2015. Every year, thousands of pilgrims from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka and other countries visit Ram Janaki Temple to worship Lord Ram and Sita. During the festivals of Ram Nawami, Vivaha Panchami, Dashain and Tihar, there is presence of even more worshipers.

Reverse description                       
Himalaya mountain goat (Himalayan tahr)

A female Himalayan tahr
The Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large ungulate native to the Himalayas in southern Tibet, northern India and Nepal. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, as the population is declining due to hunting and habitat loss.

Results of a phylogenetic analysis indicate that the genus Hemitragus is monospecific, and that the Himalayan tahr is a wild goat. 

The Himalayan tahr has a small head, small pointed ears, large eyes, and horns that vary between males and females. Their horns reach a maximum length of 46 centimetres (18 in). Himalayan tahrs are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller in weight and in size and having smaller horns. The horn is curved backwards, preventing injury during mating season when headbutting is a common mating ritual among males. The average male tahr usually weighs around 73 kg with females averaging 36 kg and is shorter in height than in length the exterior of a tahr is well adapted to the harsh climate of the Himalayans.

ഹിമാലയൻ പ്രദേശങ്ങളിൽ കണ്ടുവരുന്ന കുളമ്പുകൾ ഉള്ള ഒരു സസ്തനിയാണ് ഹിമാലയൻ താർ(Himalayan Tahr) . ഇത് കാട്ടാട് ( Wild Goat) മായി വിദൂര സാദൃശ്യം പുലർത്തുന്നു. Hemitragus ജനുസ്സിൽ ആകെ ജീവിച്ചിരിക്കുന്ന ഒരേ ഒരു ജീവിയാണിത്. ഇതിന്റെ ശാസ്ത്രനാമം Hemitragus jemlahicus എന്നാണ്. തെക്കൻ ടിബറ്റ്‌,വടക്കെ ഇന്ത്യ,നേപ്പാൾ എന്നിവിടങ്ങളിൽ ഇവ കാണപ്പെടുന്നു. ഇവിടെ നിന്നും ഇവയെ ന്യൂസിലാൻഡ് , തെക്കേ അമേരിക്ക , ദക്ഷിണാഫ്രിക്ക, യു.എസ്.എ തുടങ്ങിയ പ്രദേശങ്ങളിലേക്ക് വളർത്തുവാൻ കൊണ്ടുപോയിട്ടുണ്ട്. 

ഇതിന്റെ ശരീരം നീളംകൂടി, ജടപിടിച്ച കടുംചുവപ്പു കലർന്ന തവിട്ടുനിറത്തിലുള്ള രോമങ്ങളാൽ ആവൃതമാണ്. കുഞ്ചിരോമങ്ങൾക്കു സദൃശമായ നീണ്ട രോമങ്ങൾ കഴുത്തിലും തോളിലും കാണപ്പെടുന്നുമുണ്ട്. തലയിലും കാൽമുട്ടിനു താഴെയും വളരെച്ചെറിയ രോമങ്ങളാണുള്ളത്.

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